The Learning-Centered Paradigm: Synthesis of the Curriculum-Centered and Learner-Centered Paradigms
Many teachers have been trained in the curriculum-centered paradigm with John Locke, B.F. Skinner, and other Behaviorists as historical roots. Later, many schools began shifting to the learner-centered paradigm influenced by Jean Piaget and the Constructivists advocating discovery learning. This learner-centered paradigm appears to be diametrically opposed to the curriculum-centered paradigm in many aspects. However, both are limited by their one-dimensionalities. This paper is proposing a synthesis of the two: a learning-centered paradigm based on Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) Theory. The ZPD is not given in advanced in the learner, but is created when the learner interacts with the teacher or with a more capable peer. Thus, the teacher is brought back into the learning process picture without him necessarily dominating it.
Keywords: Learner-centered, Learning-centered, Curriculum-centered, Vygotsky, Zone of Proximal Development, ZPD
Dr. Jose A. Fadul
Full Professor, Social Science Department School of Multidisciplinary Studies , De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde