Two Levels of Educational Conflict and Self-Identity Building in the Process of Growing
The present paper shows two basic levels of conflict in the process of construction of the human being: the first refers to the primary socialization process as a consequence of the conquest of a cultural heritage, of the learning of human behaviour by self-coercion and overcoming of spontaneity, aggressiveness and biological demands of that impulsive and pre-social self. The result is a cultural animal, but provided with a social assembly which determines a conventional, conformist and ethnic-centred identity for him/her. The second level of conflict takes place with the necessity of the learning of a critic distancing and the overcoming of our own culture's restrictions if we want us to become qualified for the cultural dialogue, a fact that implies acknowledging the civilizing impulse involved in every culture as universal values, as a common heritage for mankind. The positive solving of this second level of conflict offers us a worldwide-centred and post-conventional identity.
Keywords: Identity, Cultural Dialogue, Values, Conflict, Civilization, Socialization
Dr. Alfonso Fernández
Profesor Titular, Departamento de Pedagogía, Universidad de Granada