Imagery, Perception and Learning: Contribution of Rene Descartes and the Cartesian Dualism
Given the debatable issues related to the subjective nature of the conscious experience, which resist the objective analysis and empirical evidence required by physical science, the relationship and the nature of the connection between the body and the mind, and its impact on the processes of perception and learning, continue to be a interesting area of research.1 A literature review of the representative books and articles published on the Mind-Body problem clearly indicate that a unanimous agreement has not been reached in terms of the relationship between the mind, soul and consciousness on the one hand; and the brain, body and senses on the other. This study presents a threefold analysis. First, Descartes' argument for a version of mind-body dualism is discussed. Secondly, objections to Descartes' arguments are considered. Thirdly, the current study evaluates the validity of Descartes' argument in light of the discussed objections. Furthermore, it discusses its contributions to the processes of perception and learning.
Dr Mammy Helou
Senior Lecturer, School of Marketing and International Business, University of Western Sydney