Life, Work and Diversity: Adult Education in México

By:
Sara Elena Mendoza Ortega
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This paper describes the educational problem of young and adult people in situation of educational backwardness in Mexico, as well as the design and some results of an innovative curriculum to provide basic education for this population.

The Mexican population is more than 100 million people. The 64% of them are older than 15 years old. In this sector of the population the educational backwardness is enormous. Currently, there are 32.5 million adults that have not begun or concluded the basic education and the illiteracy rate is 9.5%. The Mexican cultural diversity is manifested trough 62 ethnic Meso-American groups, which represent the 10 % of the national population.

The INEA is the governmental organization with authority to design and provide education for adults. This includes the elaboration and to distribution of the didactic materials, as well as the accreditation and certification of the basic education studies. All these characteristics make this institution unique in its class in Latin America.

The academic support to provide adult education is the Model for Life and Work (MEVyT). The main purpose of this model it is to offer diverse educational options to young and adult people to develop their basic competences related to their specific necessities and interests, with an empowerment vision.

The MEVyT is composed of more than 40 modules. The structure of this model is organized by axes which are defined according with: high-priority population sectors such as youth, family and rural communities; themes of interest such as health, environment, paternity, violence, addictions, sexuality and work, and areas of knowledge: Language and Communication, Mathematics and Sciences. MEVyT has a particular branch for the indigenous people, with an intercultural approach, including educational materials in original indigenous languages and for learning Spanish as a second language.


Keywords: Adult education, Education for life and work, Empowerment education, Indigenous adult literacy, Lifelong learning
Stream: Adult, Vocational, Tertiary and Professional Learning
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in
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Sara Elena Mendoza Ortega

Deputy Director Diversified Contents, Academic Direction, National Institute for Adult Education (INEA)
Mexico

Ms Sara Elena Mendoza Ortega, was born May 6, 1959, in México City. Education: Bachelor's graduate on Primary Education (National Teachers School, Mexico). Graduate in Social Psychology (Autonomous Metropolitan University, Mexico) Candidate to Master's degree in Social Sciences (Center for Research and Higher Studies in Social Anthropology, CIESAS, Mexico) Diploma in Sexual Diversity Studies (University Program of Gender Studies - Autonomous National University of Mexico) Diploma in Gender and Public Politics (Latin-American Faculty of Social Sciences, Mexico) Master's degree in Human Sexuality and Gender (Laguna University, Tenerife, Spain). Professional experience: From 1996 to the date: National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), as Deputy Director for Contents Diversified and for Strategic Projects in the Academic Direction, with activities such as: -Diagnoses, studies, design and elaboration of proposals and specific educational strategies for youth, women, family and indigenous. -The design and elaboration of educational materials. -The copartnership in the design and elaboration of the educational model for young and adult people (Educational Model for Life and Work,MEVyT). Previous: Twenty years in the governmental education, in organizations like: National Council of Educational Development; Science and Technology Education; Children's Basic Education; Indigenous Education; National Polytechnic Institute, in the coordination of work academic's groups for the design of proposals and materials for the basic education in the rural, urban and indigenous means, as well as in the elaboration of proposals and training materials; in the educational consultantship and like university professor. Courses and seminars: As participant and presenter, in themes such as: Psychology, gender, education and HIV/AIDS, adult education, sexual education, educational research. Publications: Diverse magazine articles and papers in collectives books, on themes such as: public politics in adult education; experiences with educational materials; gender and adult education; HIV/AIDS education; family and sexual education; adolescent pregnancy; sexual identities.

Ref: L05P1247