How Personality Reflects Employee Preferred Learning Strategies and Preferred Motivators? A Study of Employees in International Tourist Hotels in Taiwan

By:
Dr. Hsu-I Huang,
Dr. Rita C. Kolody
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Workplace learning must be based upon sound learning principles. When training is effective, employees demonstrate newly acquired skills and knowledge through improved performance and enhanced service. It is essential for human resource managers to understand employees' individual differences, preferred learning strategies and preferred motivators to incorporate training methods to satisfy diverse learning needs. This quantitative study attempted to examine the relationships among employee personality types, preferred learning strategies, and the perceptions of the importance of intrinsic and extrinsic motivators in the international tourist hotels in Taiwan.

This study used stratified samples from 20 international tourist hotels in Taiwan (n=298). Assessing The Learning Strategies of Adults (ATLAS) instrument that measures learning strategy preference was used in conjunction with Personal Style Inventory (PSI) and job attitude assessment. Pearson Biveriate correlation, crosstabulation, ANOVA and Post hoc statistical analyses were also applied in this study. The three learning strategy preference groups identified with ATLAS indicate a significant difference in personality types. Navigators have a predominant amount of ENTJ, Problem Solvers have a predominant amount of ISTP, and Engagers have a predominant amount of INFP. Intuition (I), Sensing (S), Thinking (T), Feeling (F), Perceiving (P), and Judging (J) personality traits were found to have significant differences among the three ATLAS learning strategy preference groups. Among the eight personality traits, Thinking and Judging had a positive correlation with the perception of the importance of intrinsic motivators while Feeling and Perceiving had a negative correlation with the perception of the importance of intrinsic motivators. However, none of the personality traits show any significant correlation with the perception of the importance of extrinsic motivators.

This study provided an insight into employee characteristics and could be a valuable reference for human resource managers in designing effective training programs to satisfy individual learning needs.


Keywords: Personality, Learning strategies, Intrinsic motivators, Extrinsic motivators, Work stress
Stream: Adult, Vocational, Tertiary and Professional Learning
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: How Personality Reflects Employee Preferred Learning Strategies and Preferred Motivators? A Study of Employees in International Tourist Hotels in Taiwan


Dr. Hsu-I Huang

Instructor, Department of Leisure, Recreation and Tourism Management, Southern Taiwan University of Technology
Taiwan


Dr. Rita C. Kolody

Assistant Professor, Department of Human Resource Training and Development, Idaho State University
USA


Ref: L05P1052